Oral Pathology


An oral biopsy provides an accurate diagnosis of oral disease. The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color. Any alteration in this appearance could be a warning sign for a pathological process. The most serious of these is oral cancer. Early signs of a pathologic process or cancerous growth include: reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth; a sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily; a lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth; chronic sore throat or hoarseness; and difficulty in chewing or swallowing.


These changes can be detected on the lips, cheeks, palate, and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face, and/or neck. Pain does not always occur with pathology and, curiously, is not often associated with oral cancer. However, any patient with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may also be at risk for oral cancer. We recommend performing a monthly self-examination for oral-cancer. Remember that your mouth is one of your body's most important warning systems; do not ignore suspicious lumps or sores.